The North Country National Scenic Trail is a work in progress, which may one day stretch from coast to coast. (top right)  Click on WI part

The Ice Age Trail is a Wisconsin detour a step away from The North Country National Scenic Trail:

Click on Rock co, then download .pdf
This is the clearest diagram of the trail in Rock County..

But the Ice Age Trail is also a work in progress: & Click on Janesville

One of the missing links on the Ice Age Trail is in Janesville
Tia converted this Janesville map from .pdf to .jpg using photoshop v8?, thank you Tia.
Other versions of Photoshop and Illustrator failed to open .pdf

The route follows quite closely the edge of the glacial ice:

Web GIS Layers for Rock County: to Rock Co....
Then Click on Recreation and Trails, and add both, then click on Forests and Land Cover,
then WISCLAND......note that latitude and longitude are given

Based upon the above map, the trail may lead through Storrs Lake Wildlife Area in the east, and
Evansville Wildlife Area in the west, but they are not on the following list! in black include photos

On the west side of Rock county the trail may join the sugar river state trail at Brodhead
(click Transportation, add railroads)

To complete the trail in Rock county appears to require the purchase of rights of way through privately owned
woods & or forests, at least, and some farms?  Next identify & fill in the gaps?
Go back to
Click on Biologic & Ecologic, then Landtype Associations
Describe my bike rides



The surficial aquifer system is the uppermost and the most widespread aquifer system in the four-State area (figure 26). This aquifer system consists primarily of material deposited during multiple advances of continental glaciers from the north during the Pleistocene and, possibly, the Pliocene Epochs. The massive ice sheets planed off and incorporated soil and rock fragments as large as boulders during advances and redistributed these materials on the eroded land surface as water- or ice-laid deposits or both during retreats. Glaciofluvial or meltwater deposits, such as outwash, lake sand, kames, and eskers, are sorted and generally stratified deposits of sand or sand and gravel (fig. 27). These water-laid deposits, mapped in figure 6, generally form permeable bodies of sand and gravel that are exposed at the land surface and that readily receive, store, transmit, and discharge water. They are a primary source of water for wells throughout the four-State area and supply much of the base flow (fair-weather flow) of streams. Ground and terminal moraines, which are the dominant type of deposit laid down directly by ice, normally are unsorted, unstratified deposits of clay, silt, sand, gravel, and boulders called glacial till.

An easier way to ask this question is to use Cornell University's Geoscience Interactive Databases (GEOID) because it, like WI DNR  uses overlays:

From Geoid:
Wisconsin Aquifers............................................................Wisconsin Geology


This model can be zoomed in to study Rock County

Most Maps?...


Long-Term Hydrologic Impact Assessment:
Briefly describe use of L-THIA, works at any location in USA for soil type and average annual precipitation.
Calculates runoff, and non-point-source pollution (crop land), depending on assumptions

EPA Waterspace:
13 Download Tools
Effective watershed management requires the integration of theory, data, simulation models, and expert judgement to solve practical problems and still provide a scientific basis for decision making at the watershed level.  Increasingly, State, Federal and Tribal water resource professionals as well as watershed managers and local governments in the Midwest are experimenting and supporting some web-based education, data distribution and decision support tools.

BASINS: Arcview plugin for complete modelling of watersheds

Conservation Biology: Ecosystem Biology application at Indiana University: Model For Conservation:
She identified areas throughout Indiana most in need of protection, based on their potential for high biocomplexity.  Model used indicator species.


Corridors83 - the area within 500 meters (3/10 of a mile) on either side of the major rivers.

Counties83 – boundaries of counties included in the natural region.

Topomap – U.S.Geological Survey 1:250,000 topographic map (“Chicago”) as a digital raster graphic (DRG) file in .TIF format.

Final_Phase_1and283 – the map showing the squares included in the suggested conservation map without the corridors – the results of plant and animal (Phase 1 and 2) analyses.

NWM_High_Irreplaceability83 - sites that have the highest number of rare plants and high-quality natural communities.

KM2s83 – the grid of square kilometers used for the analysis.

Stewardship Sites83 – areas under long-term public or NGO protection – city, county, state, and national parks, state and national wildlife refuges, state and national forests, state nature preserves, Nature Conservancy properties, etc.  Does not include holdings of smaller land trusts or other private lands.

NWM Phase1 – sites protecting high-quality plant communities and rare plants.

Phase 2_ Animal_Locations83 – sites selected by all umbrella animal species modeled.

NWMRoads83 – county roads through interstates within the analysis area.  Road details (names, type of road, etc.) are not available in this coverage

NWMHUS83 – 14-digit hydrologic unit codes.  These are the watershed outlines used by EPA and NRCS for watershed planning.

Subregions83 – the 3 subregions of the Northwest Morainal Region – Lake Michigan Border, Chicago Lake Plain, and Valparaiso Moraine.

Vegetation83 - land cover data created for the Indiana Gap Analysis Project.  Satellite data from 1994 were used to create this map using remote sensing data analysis techniques.

Wetlands83 - data from the National Wetlands Inventory Maps, created 1984.

2003 color orthophotos (Lake.SID, Porter.SID, etc) –color aerial photographs of the natural region as Mr. Sid files (proprietary, readable by Arc products).

NWMoraineoverlay83 – provides summary information about individual grid squares.  Gives area in square meters of the following habitat types: shrubscrub (shrubby areas), woodland (low-density tree cover – less than forest), deciduous forest (hardwood forest), mixed forest (mixed hardwood and pine forest), forested wetlands, emergent (marshy) wetlands, and “other” wetlands (shrubby wetlands, stock ponds, muck-bottomed streamsides or lakeshores, etc).  To convert square meters to acres, multiply by 0.000247.  To convert square meters to square miles, multiply by 0.000000386.

The overlay grid also shows whether or not the square was chosen by any of the umbrella animal models (badger, Blanding’s turtle, blue-spotted salamander, golden-winged warbler, Karner blue butterfly, massasauga, red-shouldered hawk, scarlet tanager).  If the information table for the square shows a value greater than 0 for any animal then the square was considered to have conservation value for that umbrella animal.

Streams83 – USGS map of streams and rivers.  No details are available (stream name, size, etc.).

Powerline Corridors83 – map of powerlines.  No details are available (size, # of lines, amount of power, etc.

Metadata: All maps on the Northwest Morainal Natural Region CDs are on the NAD83 datum in UTM projection, Zone 16 North.  The false easting is 500,000, the false northing is 0, and the central meridian is -87.  File format is as a shapefile (Arc file format) unless otherwise stated.
Arc refers to the GIS programs commonly used by natural resource professionals and produced by ESRI.  The ArcExplorer software included with these data is free software produced by ESRI and available for downloading at .

This page will be updated next fall as...

Click on Analysis, then Regional Landscape, for geography/geology.
Then show Campus Evolution.

Native American mounds may be primarily se-nw in orientation due to confluence of Rock Creek and Turtle Creek
Campus building location is determined by the mounds & location on the bluff
The quadrangle evolved in steps, and perhaps was not at first envisaged, as the first building is in the middle and the remaining buildings are not in a quadrangle
The location of the two removed mounds was determined